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Scientific Bibliography : Monarch Behavior


Ackery, P. R. 1988. Hostplants and classification: A review of nymphalid butterflies. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society (London) 33:95-203

Ackery, P. R., Vane-Wright, R. I. 1985. Patterns of plant utilization by danaine butterflies. Proceedings of the Congress of European Lepidopterology 1982:3-7

Anderson, A. L. 1932. The sensitivity of the legs of common butteflies to sugars. Journal of Experimental Zoology 63:235-259

Appel, H. M., Martin, M. M. 1990. Gut redox conditions in herbivorous lepidopteran larvae. Journal of chemical ecology 16:3277-3289 [Keywords: physiology, feeding, plant-insect interactions, digestion]

Atkins, A. F. 1974. Further notes on the response of Queensland Danaid butterflies to selective attractants. In Australian Entomological Magazine . pp. 38. Vol. 2 [Keywords: behavior, feeding]

Atkins, A. F. 1974. Observations on the response of Queensland Daniad butterflies to selective attractants. In Australian Entomological Magazine . pp. 78-80. Vol. 1 [Keywords: behavior, reproduction, chemical communication, pheromones, hairpencils, feeding]

Bernays, E. A., Blaney, W. M., Chapman, R. F., Cook, A. G. 1976. The ability of Locusta migratoria L. to perceive plant surface waxes. Symposia Biologica Hungarica 16:35-40 [Keywords: physiology, foraging, contact chemoreception]

Bernays, E. A., Chapman, R. F. 1977. Deterrent chemicals as a basis of oligophagy in Locusta migratoria (L.). Ecological Entomology 2:1-18

Bogner, F., Boppre, M. 1989. Single cell recordings reveal hydroxydanaidal as the volatile compound attracting insects to pyrrolizidine alkaloids. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 50:171-184

Bolsinger, M., Lier, M. E., Hughes, P. R. 1992. Influence of ozone air pollution on plant-herbivore interactions. Part 2: Effects of ozone on feeding preference, growth and consumption rates of monarch butterflies (Danaus plexippus). Environmental Pollution 77:31-37 [Keywords: ecology, behavior, feeding]

Boppre, M. 1981. Adult lepidoptera "feeding" at withered Heliotropium plants (Boraginaceae) in East Africa. Ecological entomology 6:449-452 [Keywords: behavior, feeding, ecology, secondary substances, chemical defense, pyrrolizidine alkaloids, PAs]

Boppre, M. 1983. Leaf-scratching - A specialized behaviour of danaine butterflies (Lepidoptera) for gathering secondary plant substances. Oecologia (Heidelberg) 59:414-416 [Keywords: behavior, feeding, secondary plant substances, PA]

Boppre, M. 1984. Redefining "pharmacophagy.". Journal of Chemical Ecology 10:1151-1154

Borkin, S. S. 1993. Rejection of Apocynum androsaemifolium and A. sibiricum (Apocynacae) as food plants by larvae of Danaus plexippus: Refutation of early accounts. In Biology and Conservation of the Monarch Butterfly , ed. S. B. Malcolm, M. P. Zalucki. pp. 125-128. Science Series. Vol. 38. Los Angeles: Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County [Keywords: behavior, feeding, host plant use]

Brower, L. P. 1961. Experimental analyses of egg cannibalism in the Monarch and Queen butterflies, Danaus plexippus and D. gilippus berenice. Physiological Zoology 34:287-296

Brower, L. P. 1970. Plant poisons in a terrestrial food chain and implications for mimicry theory. In Chambers, K. L., Biochemical Evolution: 69-82. Corvallis, Orgegon. Proceedings of the 29th Annual Biological Colloquium, 1968.

Brower, L. P., Brower, J. V. Z., Corvino, J. M. 1967. Plant poisons in a terrestrial food chain. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 57:893-898

Brown, J. J., Chippendale, G. M. 1974. Migration of the monarch butterfly, Danaus plexippus:energy sources. Journal of Insect Physiology 20:1117-1130

Bull, C. M., Zalucki, M. P., Suzuki, Y., Mackay, D. A., Kitching, R. L. 1985. An experimental investigation of resource use by female monarch butterflies, Danaus plexippus (L.). Australian Journal of Ecology (Carlton) 10:391-398

Cromartie, W. J. 1975. The effect of stand size and vegetational backqround on the colonization of cruciferous plants by herbivorous insects. Journal of Applied Ecology 12:517-533

Dethier, V. G. 1937. Cannibalism among lepidopterous larvae. Psyche (Cambridge) 44:110-115 [Keywords: behavior, feeding, cannibalism]

Dethier, V. G. 1973. Electrophysiological studies of gustation in lepidopterous larvae. II. Taste spectra in relation to foodplant discrimination. Journal of Comparative Physiology A 82:103-134

Dethier, V. G. 1975. The Monarch revisited. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 48:129-140

Dethier, V. G. 1982. Mechanism of host-plant recognition. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 31:49-56

Dethier, V. G., Kuch, J. H. 1971. Electrophysiological studies of gustation in lepidopterous larvae. I. Comparative sensitivity to sugars, amino acids and glycosides. Zeitschrift fur Vergleichende Physiologie (Berlin) 72:343-363 [Keywords: physiology, sugars, alcohols, amino acids, organic acids, glycosides, sterols]

Dixon, C. A., Erickson, J. M., Kellet, D. N., Rothschild, M. 1978. Some adaptations between Danaus plexippus and its food plant, with notes on Danaus chrysippus and Euploea core (Insecta: Lepidoptera). Journal of Zoology (London) 185:437-467 [Keywords: behavior, feeding, host plant use, chemical defence, cardiac glycosides, cardenolides, sequestration]

Dussourd, D. E., Denno, R. F. 1991. Deactivation of plant defense: Correspondence between insect behavior and secretory canal architecture. Ecology 72:1383-1396 [Keywords: feeding, foraging behavior, chemical defense, secondary compounds]

Edgar, J. A. 1982. Pyrrolizidine alkaloids sequestered by Solomon Island danine butterflies. The feeding preferences of the Danainae and Ithomiinae. Journal of Zoology and the Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 196:385-399 [Keywords: foraging behavior, PAs, chemical defense]

Edgar, J. A. 1984. Parsonsieae: Ancestral larval food plants of the Danainae-Ithomiinae? In The biology of butterflies, eds. R. I. Vane-Wright and P. R. Ackery, 91-93. London: Academic Press.

Edgar, J. A., Culvenor, C. C. J. 1975. Pyrrolizidine alkaloids in Parsonsia species (family Apocynaceae) which attract Danaid butterflies. Experientia (Basel) 31:393-394

Erickson, J. M. 1973. The utilization of various Asclepias species by the larvae of the Monarch butterfly Danaus plexippus. Psyche (Cambridge) 80:230-244 [Keywords: behavior, feeding, Asclepias, cardiac glycosides, cardenolides, toxicity spectrum, fertility, fecundity]

Ferguson, D. C., Hilburn, D. J., Wright, B. 1991. The lepidoptera of Bermuda: their food plants, biogeography, and means of dispersal. Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada 158:3-8, 67-84 [Keywords: feeding, distribution, biogeography, dispersal]

Grant, S. T. 1978. Differences in maze learning ability in two species of lepidoptera larvae. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 86:291

Hanson, F. E. 1983. The behavioral and neurophysiological basis of food plant selection by lepidopterous larvae. In Herbivorous insects, ed. S. Ahmad, 3-23. New York: Academic Press.

Harborne, J. B. 1982. Introduction to ecological biochemistry, 2nd. ed. London: Academic Press. xvi + 278 pp.

Harborne, J. B. e. 1972. Phytochemical ecology. N. Y. & Lond.: Acad. Press

Isman, M. B. 1977. Dietary influence of cardenolides on larval growth and development of the milkweed bug Oncopeltus fasciatus. Journal of Insect Physiology 23:1183-1187

Ito, T., Nakasone, S. 1967. Nutrition of the silkworm, Bombyx mori, XV. Utilization of sterol in the presence of dietary fatty acids. Journal of Insect Physiology 13:281-287

Kingsolver, J. G., Daniel, T. L. 1979. On the mechanics and energetics of nectar feeding in butterflies. Journal of Theoretical Biology 76:167-179

Kitching, R. L., Zalucki, M. P. 1983. A cautionary note on the use of oviposition records as larval food-plant records. Australian Entomological Magazine 10:64-66

Koch, L. E., Dell, B., Keighery, G. J. 1977. The Wanderer butterfly at Bunbury and other parts of the South-west, and a new foodplant. Western Australian Naturalist 13:183-184

Lamborn, W. A. 1922. An oriental danaine butterfly brushing on its hind-wings. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of London 1921:xcv

Lynch, S. P., Martin, R. A. 1993. Milkweed host plant utilization and cardenolide sequestration by monarch butterflies in Louisiana and Texas. In Biology and Conservation of the Monarch Butterfly , ed. S. B. Malcolm, M. P. Zalucki. pp. 107-123. Science Series. Vol. 38. Los Angeles: Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County [Keywords: behavior, feeding, host plant utilization, cardiac glycosides, cardenolides, sequestration]

Malcolm, S. B. 1990. Chemical defence in chewing and sucking insect herbivores: plant-derived cardenolides in the monarch butterfly and oleander aphid. Chemoecology (Stuttgart) 1:12-

Malcolm, S. B. 1994. Milkweeds, monarch butterflies and the ecological significance of cardenolides. Chemoecology (Stuttgart) 5/6:101-117 [Keywords: ecology, chemical defence, cardenolides, cardiac glycosides, aposematic coloration, plant-animal interactions]

Marian, M. P., Pandian, T. J. 1980. Effects of feeding senescent leaf of Calotropis gigantea on food utilization in the Monarch butterfly Danaus chrysippus. Entomon (India) 5:257-264

Mathavan, S., Bhaskaran, R. 1975. Food selection and utilization in a danaid butterfly. Oecologia (Heidelberg) 18:55-62

Mathavan, S., Muthukrishnan, J. 1976. Effects of ration levels and restriction of feeding durations on food utilization in Danaus chrysippus (Lepidoptera: Danaidae). Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 19:155-162 [Keywords: feeding, growth, feeding rate compensation, assimilation, conversion]

Mathavan, S., Pandian, T. J. 1975. Effect of temperature on food utilization in the Monarch buttterfly Danaus chrysippus. Oikos 26:60-64

Mathavan, S., Pandian, T. J., Mary, M. J. 1976. Use of feeding rate as an indicator of caloric value in some lepidopterous larvae. Oecologia (Heidelberg) 24:91-94 [Keywords: behavior, feeding, temperature]

McCann, C. 1953. Aposematic insects and their food plants. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 51:752-754

Miller, J. R., Strickler, K. L. 1984. Finding and accepting host plants. In Chemical ecology of insects, eds. W. J. Bell and R. T. Carde, 127-157. Sunderland, MA: Sinauer Associates.

Morse, D. H. 1986. Inflorescence choice and time allocation by insects foraging on milkweed. Oikos (Copenhagen) 46:229-236 [Keywords: milkweed, nectar production, pollinators, infloresence quality]

Muthukrishnan, J., Mathavan, S., Venkatasubbu, K. 1979. Effects of caffeine and theophylline on food utilization and emergence in Danaus chrysippus L. (Lepidoptera: Danaidae). Entomon (India) 4:307-312

Neck, R. W. 1976. Lepidoptera foodplant records from Texas. Journal of Research On the Lepidoptera 15:75-82

Neck, R. W. 1976. Nocturnal activity of a Monarch butterfly (Danaidae). J. Lepid. Soc, Cambridge, Mass. 30:235-236

Pliske, T. E. 1975. Attraction of Lepidoptera to plants containing pyrrolizidine alkaloids. Environmental Entomology 4:455-473

Pliske, T. E. 1975. Pollination of pyrrolizidine alkaloid-containing plants by male lepidoptera. Environmental Entomology 4:474-479

Pliske, T. E., Edgar, J. A., Culvenor, C. C. J. 1976. The chemical basis of attraction of Ithomiine butterflies to plants containing pyrrolizidine alkaloids. Journal of Chemical Ecology 2

Price, P. W., Wilson, M. F. 1979. Abundance of herbivores on six milkweed species in Illinois. American Midland Naturalist 101:76-86

Ramsay, G. W. 1964. Food of Monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus) (L.) larvae in New Zealand. Tuatara (Wellington) 12:154-155

Raubenheimer, D. 1987. Cyanogenesis and the feeding preference of Acraea horta (L.) (Lepidoptera: Acraeinae). University of Cape Town.

Ritland, D. B. 1991. Palatability of aposematic queen butterflies (Danaus gilippus) feeding on Sarcostemma clausum (Asclepiadaceae) in Florida. Journal of Chemical Ecology 17:1593-1610 [Keywords: ecology, chemical defense, mimicry, cardenolides, cardiac glycosides, Florida]

Robertson, C. 1887. Insect relations with certain Asclepiads. Botanical Gazette (Chicago) 12:207-216, 244-250, 1 pl.

Roeske, C. M., Seiber, J. N., Brower, L. P., Moffitt, C. M. 1976. Milkweed cardenolides and their comparative processing by monarch butterflies (Danaus plexippus L.). Recent Advances in Phytochemistry 10:93-167

Rothschild, M. 1972. Some observations on the relationship between plants, toxic insects and birds. Ann. Proc. Phytochem. Soc. 8:1-12

Rothschild, M., Alpin, R. T., Cockrum, P. A., Edgar, J. A., Fairweather, P., Lees, R. 1979. Pyrrolizidine alkaloids in arctiid moths with a discussion on host plant relationships and the role of these secondary plant substances in the Arctiidae. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society (London) 12:305-326

Rothschild, M., Gardiner, B., Mummery, R. 1978. Pupal colouration and diet. Antenna 2:15

Rothschild, M., Marsh, N. 1978. Some peculiar aspects of danaid/plant relationships. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 24:637-650

Rothschild, M., Marsh, N., Gardiner, B. 1978. Cardioactive substances in the Monarch butterfly and Euploea core reared on leaf-free artificial diet. Nature (London) 275:649-650

Rothschild, M., Reichstein, T., Euw, J. V. 1973. Danaus chrysippus aegyptius and D. chrysippus alcipps reared on Asclepias curassavica. [Note of an exhibit]. Proceedings of the Royal Entomological Society of London 37:37-38

Sazuki, Y., Zalucki, M. P. 1986. The influence of sex ratio on female dispersal in Danaus plexippus (L.) (Lepidoptera: Danaidae). Journal of the Australian Entomological Society 25:31-35 [Keywords: behavior, reproduction, feeding, dispersal, sex ratio]

Scheermeyer, E., Kitching, R. L., Jones, R. E. 1990. Host plants, temperature and seasonal effects on immature development and adult size of Euploea core corinna (Lepidoptera: Danainae). Australian Journal of Zoology (Melbourne) 37:299-308 [Keywords: ecology, host plants, temperature, physiology, development]

Scheermeyer, E., Zalucki, M. P. 1985. Food plant records of Euploea core corinna (W. S. Macleay) with some notes on larval colouration. Australian Entomological Magazine 11:87-90

Schneider, D. 1987. Plant recognition by insects: A challenge for neuroethological research. In Insect plants , ed. V. G. Labeyrie, G. Fabres, D. Lachaise. Vol. Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on Insect-Plant Relationships. Amsterdam: W. Junk

Schoonhoven, L. M. 1973. Plant recognition by lepidopterous larvae. In Insect/plant relationships , ed. H. F. v. Emden. pp. 87-99. New York: John Wiley & Sons

Schroeder, L. A. 1976. Energy, matter and nitrogen utilization by the larvae of the monarch butterfly Danaus plexippus. Oikos (Copenhagen) 27:259-264 [Keywords: physiology, feeding, development, growth]

Schroeder, L. A. 1977. Energy, matter and nitrogen utilization by larvae of the milkweed tiger-moth, Euchaetias egle. Oikos, Kobenhavn 28:27-31

Scriber, J. M., Lederhouse, R. C. 1983. Temperature as a factor in the development and feeding ecology of tiger swallowtail caterpillars, Papilio glaucus (Lepidoptera). Oikos (Copenhagen) 40:95-102 [Keywords: behavior, physiology, feeding rate, temperature, development]

Sheldon, W. G. 1935. The food-plant of Danaus plexippus in Tenerife and the period of emergence of the imago. Entomologist (London) 68:287

Smithers, C. N. 1973. The food plants of Danaus plexippus (L.) (Lep., Nymphalidae) in Australia. Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 109:54-56

Strong, D. R., Lawton, J. H., Southwood, S. R. 1984. Insects on plants: Community patterns and mechanisms. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific Publications. 313 pp.

Thompson, J. N., Price, P. W. 1977. Plant plasticity, phenology, and herbivore dispersion: Wild parsnip and the parsnip webworm. Ecology 58:1112-1119

Wagner, W. H., jr. 1973. An orchid attractant for monarch butterflies. J. Lepid. Soc., Cambridge, Mass. 27:192-196

Wiklund, C., Ahrberg, C. 1978. Host plants, nectar source plants, and habitat selection of males and females of Anthocharis cardamines (Lepidoptera). Oikos (Copenhagen) 31:169-183

Wilson, M. F., Bertin, R. I., Price, P. W. 1979. Nectar production and flower visitors of Asclepias verticillata. American Midland Naturalist 192:23-35

Wise, K. A. J. 1963. Food-plants of Monarch butterfly larvae. Tuatara (Wellington) 11:81-82

Young, A. M. 1981. On the evolutionary distance between asclepiadaceous-feeding danaida and apocynaceous-feeding ithomiids. Journal of Research On the Lepidoptera 18:251-254

Zalucki, M. P., Kitching, R. L. 1984. The dynamics of adult Danaus plexippus L. (Danaidae) within patches of its food plant, Asclepias spp. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 38:209-219 [Keywords: behavior, feeding, mark-recapture, sex-ratios, Australia]

Zalucki, M. P., Suzuki, Y. 1987. Milkweed patch quality, adult population structure, and egg laying in the monarch butterfly. J. Lepid. Soc. 41:13-22 [Keywords: Asclepias, plant-animal interactions, milkweed, sex ratios, Australia]

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